2009 | 57 | 1 | 24-39
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THE PLACE AND APPEARANCE OF VERBAL EXPOSURE IN MEDIEVAL UGRIAN LAND (Miesto a podoby ustneho prejavu v stredovekom Uhorsku)

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The authoress follows destiny of speech in medieval Ugrian land. The tradition of igrics from Great Moravia Empire never passed away. Their songs and performances kept up paganism culture of Great Moravia, stories about Svatopluk, speech and interpretation style in mind of aborigines and also they influenced knowledge and culture of ambient clans and nascent nations. The part of igrics came at courts of incoming Hungarian clans. In the 11th and 12th century there were two basic types of rhapsodists in our land - rustic narrators and igrics. Rustic narrator spread various historical stories, fairy tales, legends, funny stories and jokes - for edification and also for fun. He laid the foundation of future literary and prosaic array. Igric also presented historical events and legends, but he also filled them up with musical performance or the other sound processing - declamation, melody, rhythm, recital, song. His presentation achieved higher degree of art work and stylization than by narrator and that was the reason why igric stood at the beginning of mediaeval world poetry, esp. historical songs, verse epic, but also love lyric, or satiric poetry. Cathedral became another area for development of art recitation. In Middle Ages church was the place for sufficient large-scale diapason of literary interpretation genres. Their basic and assumed literary origin was Bible and the version was determined and co-created by mass and different sacral ceremonies. Besides devotions, also recitation of psalm and gradual, songs of hymns, antiphon and sequences, read stories, legends, homilies and other literary and musical form sounded in churches. They redounded later to the creation of liturgical drama - sacraments, Passion, Christmas and legend plays.
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  • Jaroslava Cajkova, Narodne osvetove centrum, nam. SNP 12, 812 34 Bratislava, Slovak Republic;
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