The Communist Party of Israel in the Years 1958-1965 Seen from the Angle of 'Walka' Magazine
Languages of publication
As the Hebraization of the olim in Israel gradually made headway, the individual political parties had to use various languages in their propaganda. The Communist Party of Israel published its materials in seven other languages in addition to Hebrew and Arabic, including the Polish-language monthly (briefly a fortnightly) 'Walka', published since 1958. Its editor-in-chief was Adolf Berman, who was also a leading activist of the pro-Communist Israel - Poland Friendship League and chairman of the leftist Union of Anti-Nazi Fighters. 'Walka' had to compete for readership with several other Polish-language periodicals published in Israel. In addition to painting a flattering picture of People's Poland and the Soviet Union, the journal presented the policy line of the Communist Party of Israel: it supported Israel's neutrality and reconciliation with the Arab countries, equal rights for Israel's Arabs, an alliance with the Zionist Left within the so-called working class front, the laity of the state. In the conflict between the two factions in the Communist Party of Israel, the editors of 'Walka' unequivocally came out Meir Vilner's group, which in 1965 set up a new party called New Communist List.
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