MINORITIES IN MEDIA: CONTEXTS AND LIMITATIONS OF PRESENTATION
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The aim of the article is to describe relations between the dominant group and ethnic minorities in Poland since their recognition after 1989. Considerations start with the assumption that the litmus paper of ethnic relations can be found in modes of portraying minority members in mass media. Content analysis of minority programs screened on TVP1, TVP2 and TVP3 along with official documents and statements support three conclusions: (1) members of minority organizations feel that their needs of participation in public sphere are ignored, (2) minorities are usually presented through their culture - other dimensions of social life are presented less frequently, (3) there is a noticeable stratification mechanism at work in these media images - some minorities are shown in the light of their positive and some of their negative stereotypes. These results prompt to accept the thesis that the co-existence of the ethnic majority and minorities in Poland can be characterized in terms of domination-subordination.
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