HOME - WHAT IS ESSENTIAL (Dom - to, co istotne)
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What is exerting pressure on the human condition is his home. For the man, it is a native space, but the man is here also as figure which can be called 'a being of being in the world'. That is a reason - as author confirms - why the home is a space and the man is the one, who is organising this space, he is changing and settling. The house is a place of choice and both is a place of spiritual existence filled up the sacred and the profane. Its sacred is the result of the idea of the home as place what was hollowed. Moreover, the home as the element of the culture is something exceptional for the man. Author marks, the home is microworld, also it is knowledge about world, but it doesn't mean, that home is a truth about world and in that case of the world. The sacred of the home has a religious dimension, is a hallowed space for the household member, and the household member is supposed to be the one who is domesticated in this space, and not to settle it, because of Heidegger's settling refers to the whole of the space, and the space of the home is an allocated place also limited in that space. The author proves, settle should be a result from rules of the home, and these rules are organising the life of the home, are exerting influence on a hierarchy of values. The home in the dimension of the sacred is also the asylum, but it is not suppose to be only sheltering from the evil or escape into the safe space, but is supposed to be preserving own being for its own individuality. As the matter of fact, home is above all community and individual characters which are impressing on the home their own experiences and ideas. What is more important, the home is carrying its arche which is situated in the philosophical thought. The author assures - the question about the home is a basic question. That is reason why the next fundamental question asks about directions - where should I search the idea and spirit of the home? The man and the home are a delicate unity which can have different faces, but there is a perceptible truth, actually an event about reciprocities of the home and the man.
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