This text examines Anton Štefánek´s sociology, one of the first scholars in the field in Slovakia, in the context of the journals of that day. Especially, it examines the topics of Štefánek’s publications in relation to other articles in sociological journals, relying on the overall results of a content analysis of those journals. This presentation of Štefánek’s journal publications brings out some of his lesser-known or more difficult-to-find publications, and places them in the overall context of his sociology. The study shows that Štefánek’s sociological interests, who were dominated by the themes of the rural countryside and the nation, were not unusual either for the period between the wars, or after the Second World War. Nevertheless the breadth of Štefánek’s approach and his focus on Czechoslovak national unity (so-called Czechoslovakism) was somewhat unique in the context of academic journals at the time. Analysis of commentary in the journals on Štefánek’s sociology allows us to evaluate over a limited area his colleagues’ understanding of his importance. It shows that perceptions of his importance were different in the Czech and Slovak parts of sociological discourse (the Czech journals were dominated by attention given to Masaryk, about whom nothing was written in Slovakia, with attention being focused on Štefánek instead), even though he was a prominent figure not only in Slovakia but in the Czech lands as well, and was made even more important by his political involvement during the First Republic.