Stanisława Kamińskiego poglądy na cel nauki
STANISŁAW KAMIŃSKI’S VIEWS ON THE AIM OF SCIENCE
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This paper presents views on the aim of science worked out by Stanisław Kamiński (1919–1986), supplemented with applications added by his followers from the methodological school at KUL. On the one hand, Kamiński offers general and convenient categories enabling grasping the problems of the philosophy of science using the category of the aim of science. On the other, he adopts his own, carefully balanced, stand on the aim of science. He prefers theoretical aims to practical ones, but he considers them as complementary. Similarly, he prefers explanation to description, but he maintains that they complement each other. His position is derivative of his broad and pluralistic notion of science, not limited to mathematical or natural sciences but including also (as antinaturalists do) the human sciences, philosophy and theology as kinds of valuable knowledge. The paper does not discuss particular positions on the aim (aims) of science, but reports on the basic categories used to distinguish particular ways to understand aim of science. They can help in the thoroughgoing analysis of the aim of science problems and they can be applied to characterize science in general, particular types of sciences, and studies that pass the limit of one discipline or one type of knowledge: interdisciplinary, trans-disciplinary or multi-disciplinary studies.
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