2012 | 4(207) | 109-123
Article title

Mechanizmy kultury prosumpcji, czyli fani i ich globalne zróżnicowanie

Title variants
Discovering the Mechanisms of Culture of Prosumption
Languages of publication
In the field of sociological studies of culture, more and more attention is being paid to the so-called prosumption. Based on the already existing general concepts related to it, the author presents its functioning in the sphere of popular culture, proposing the term: culture of prosumption. More and more frequently the enterprises within the entertainment industry seek their ways to success in a grass-root emergence of groups of acquirers working for a culture text. The use of the amateurs’ participation has become a dominant business model. The aim of the article is to organize the state-of-the-art knowledge on prosumption. Additionally, the author proposes a convenient way of diagnosing its mechanisms – it is easiest to describe the culture of prosumption through the analysis of the most engaged recipients, namely the fans, who constitute the avant-garde of the culture. The fans illustrate all the essential features of pop-culture prosumption.
W socjologii kultury coraz większą uwagę poświęca się tak zwanej prosumpcji. Bazując na już istniejących ogólnych koncepcjach z nią związanych, autor przedstawia jej funkcjono- wanie w sferze popkultury i wprowadza pojęcie „kultura prosumpcji”. Dziś przedsiębiorstwa z branży rozrywkowej drogi do sukcesu upatrują w wykształceniu oddanej grupy nabywców, pracujących na rzecz danego tekstu kulturowego. Autor proponuje sposób diagnozowania me- chanizmów kultury prosumpcji – najłatwiej przez badania najbardziej zaangażowanych od- biorców, to jest fanów, stanowiących awangardę kultury prosumpcji. W przypadku wielbicieli najwyraźniej uwidaczniają się wszystkie istotne cechy prosumpcji popkulturowej. Aby zobra- zować tezę o podstawowej roli fanów, autor prezentuje, jak badanie środowisk fanowskich pomagać może w odkrywaniu prawidłowości globalnego zróżnicowania kultury prosumpcji. W artykule zaproponowane zostają kryteria, na podstawie których sądzić można o stanie owej kultury w różnych rejonach świata.
Physical description
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