INDIVIDUÁLNY VS. SPOLOČNÝ ZÁUJEM VERITEĽOV V REŠTRUKTURALIZAČNOM KONANÍ
Individual vs. common interest of creditors in the restructuring process
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The basic prerequisite for the success of the restructuring is an approved restructuring plan, the acceptance and confirmation of which by court must meet the legal criteria. One of the criteria is the compliance of the restructuring plan with the common interest of the creditors, which is however not defined by law. However, the interests of individual creditors are different, while the shareholders as creditors are in a different position in the process of restructuring. The article is focused on criteria that are applied to a test of creditors’ common interest in respect of conflicts of interest between creditors, and a relationship between the test of creditors’ common interest and the test of the best interest of creditors. With regard to the process of approving the restructuring plan, we also focused on the nature of the creditor’s community and on the legitimacy of the way in which the restructuring plan is approved, whether the creditors with different interests are obliged to be loyal to each other in that community. The article analyses the legal nature of the restructuring plan at the same time. The article is based on the decisions of the Constitutional Court of the SR (hereinafter referred to as the “Constitutional Court”).
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