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2012 | 22 | 1 | 1-18
Article title

Existential there-construction as a means of presentation in narrative (a corpus-based syntactic-semantic analysis)

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Content
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EN
Abstracts
EN
The present paper looks at the role of the English verb operating in Presentation Scale sentences within fiction narrative from the point of view of both dynamic and static semantics. It is a part of a corpus-based research in the area of the sentences implementing the so-called Presentation Scale (Firbas, 1992; Svoboda, 2006), which is predominantly focused on the occurrence and the syntactic-semantic typology of Presentation sentences within narratives and the semantic as well as syntactic character of the English Presentation verb. It examines the most frequent structure that is capable of presenting a new phenomenon on the scene, viz. the existential construction. For the purpose of analysis, C. S. Lewis' The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is used. Special attention is paid to the syntactic semantic character of the Pr-verbs that operate in the existential construction there + other verb than be.
Keywords
Year
Volume
22
Issue
1
Pages
1-18
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • Linguistica Pragensia, Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, v.v.i., Letenská 4, 118 51 Praha 1, Czech Republic
References
  • Adam, M. (2010): A Functional Characterology of the English Transitional Pr-Verbs: Presentation or Appearance on the Scene Revisited. Ostrava Journal of English Philology 2, 7-20.
  • Adam, M. (2011a): A bee buzzed across their path. Semantic Affinity as a Formative Force in Presentation Scale Sentences. Ostrava Journal of English Philology 3/1, 19-32.
  • Adam, M. (2011b): On Some Specific FSP Features of Presentation Scale Sentences in the Gospel of Luke. In: M. Černý et al. (eds), New Chapters in Functional Syntax. Ostrava, University of Ostrava, 9-17.
  • Adam, M. (2011c): Towards a Syntactic-Semantic Typology of Presentation Scale Sentences in Fiction Narratives. Brno Studies in English 37/1, 5-19.
  • Breivik, L. E. (1983): Existential 'There'. Bergen, University of Bergen.
  • Birner, B. J. - Ward, G. (1998): Information Status and Noncanonical Word Order in English. Amsterdam/Philadelphia, John Benjamins.
  • Birner, B. J. - Ward, G. (2001): Discourse and Information Structure. In: D. Schriffin, D. Tannen and H. Hamilton (eds), Handbook of Discourse Analysis. Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 119-137.
  • Dowty, D. R. (1979): Word Meaning and Montague Grammar. Reidel, Dordrecht.
  • Dušková, L. (1998): Syntactic forms of the presentation scale and their differentiation. Linguistica Pragensia 8 (1), 36-43.
  • Dušková, L. (2005): From the Heritage of Vilém Mathesius and Jan Firbas: Syntax in the Service of FSP. In: J. Chovanec (ed.), Theory and Practice in English Studies, 3: Proceedings form the 8th Brno Conference of English, American and Canadian Studies. Brno, Masaryk University, 7-23.
  • Dušková, L. (2008): Vztahy mezi sémantikou a aktuálním členěním z pohledu anglistických členů Pražského lingvistického kroužku [The relations between semantics and functional sentence perspective as seen by Anglicist members of the Prague Linguistic Circle]. Slovo a slovesnost 69 (1-2), 67-77.
  • Chamonikolasová, J. - Adam, M. (2005): The Presentation Scale in the Theory of Functional Sentence Perspective. In: J. Čermák, et al. (eds), Patterns (A Festschrift for Libuše Dušková). Praha, Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Karlovy, 59-69.
  • Firbas, J. (1992): Functional Sentence Perspective in Written and Spoken Communication. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
  • Firbas, J. (1995): On the Thematic and the Rhematic Layers of a Text. In: B. Wårvik, S.-K. Tanskanen, and R. Hiltunen (eds), Organization in Discourse. Proceedings from the Turku Conference. Anglicana Turkuensia 14. Turku, University of Turku, 59-72.
  • Kudrnáčová, N. (2008): Directed Motion at the Syntax-Semantics Interface. Brno, Masaryk University.
  • Levin, B. (1993): English Verb Classes and Alternations: a preliminary investigation. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.
  • Quirk, R. et al. (1985): AComprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London, Longman.
  • Quirk, R. (1987): Words at Work. Lectures on Textual Structure. London, Longman.
  • Rohrauer, L. - Dubec, P. (2011): Syntactic and FSP Aspects of the Existential Construction. Linguistica Pragensia 21/1, 24-32.[WoS]
  • Svoboda, A. (1989): Kapitoly z funkční syntaxe. [Chapters from Functional Syntax]. Prague, SPN.
  • Svoboda, A. (2006): Firbasovy sémantické škály a komunikační strategie [Firbas' Semantic Scales and Communicative Strategy]. In: Pocta Evě Mrhačové, 215-227.
  • Tárnyiková, J. (2009): From text to texture: an introduction to processing strategies. 4th ed., Olomouc, Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci.
  • Lewis, C. S. (1950): The Chronicles of Narnia. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. London, Harper Collins.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-0725f559-82b8-400f-8cfd-530215a60a86
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