DOKLADY SEKUNDÁRNEHO NAVRŠOVANIA MOHÝL V STREDNEJ DOBE BRONZOVEJ V OBLASTI STREDNÉHO PODUNAJSKA
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Evidence of secondary embankments of tumuli in the middle Bronze Age in the territory of the central Danube region
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The contribution focuses on evidence of secondary interferences in the tumuli of the middle Bronze Age tumulus cultures related to the burials in the central Danube region. Tumuli showing certain anomalies in theirs usually regular ground plans and/or profiles or interferences in their stone cores have been investigated in the wider territory of central Europe. We can distinguish two types of such interferences. First one is embanked material on the part of a tumulus above the secondary burial. Such tumuli appear in Buková, Čeložnica and Pitten. The second type is repeated addition of new layers above the secondary burial which caused enlargement of the tumulus. With regard to the bad condition of remains and insufficient documentation, they can be definitely proved only in Pitten. Both above mentioned types of tumulus embankment occur as early as the beginning of the middle Bronze Age in Pitten. As for the territory of Moravia and Slovakia, they can be observed in the late periods of the middle Bronze Age. Numerous analogies, mainly from the Czech Republic, suggest their frequent use in the whole territory of tumulus cultures and this habit continues in the late Bronze Age. Several burials in tumuli show planned pair deposits. Contemporarity or close chronological sequence of depositing of burials connected with adjustments of the embankment can thus represent a certain form of pair burials.
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