LENGYELSKÁ KUTURA VE STŘELICKÉ KOTLINĚ
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Lengyel culture in the Střelice Basin
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The article discusses various matters associated with the Lengyel settlement in the Střelická kotlina (Střelice Basin). Its material culture is analysed, particularly in terms of ceramics, of chipped, polished and other stone production, and zoo-archaeological finds. The pottery is analysed based on the Numerical code of the Moravian painted pottery and its results are used for understanding the relative chronology of particular sites as well as for understanding the inhabitation of the Střelice Basin during the Lengyel culture. Local materials were largely used for the manufacture of chipped- and polished-stone tools. The Střelice Basin was a part of a broader region (Brno-city and surroundings) where the mentioned local raw materials were worked and sequent distributed. Imported materials prove transport of the particular raw materials from the Holy Cross Mountains, the Kraków-Częstochowa highland in Lesser Poland and with the Zemplín region, Slovakia/Hungary. Both polished- and chipped stone industry are analysed in terms of raw material and typology. The category “other stone industry” including all other stone items is analysed in terms of raw material and its expected function. Special attention is devoted to analysis of an individual buried in a storage pit in the Střelice, in Prostřední trať location. Here, the attention is dedicated to physic anthropology, namely morphometric and morphoscopic judgement of the skeletal remains and analysis of dental micro abrasion. Zoo-archaeological analyses confirm similar characteristics of the composition faunal skeletal remains with other contemporary Lengyel sites. Presence of bones from the wild animals is characteristic for investigated period. The study further explores settlement strategies, general characteristics of the material culture of the Lengyel culture in the Střelice Basin, and settlement in relation to a relative chronology. The Střelice Basin was chiefly inhabited in phases Ib and II b of the Moravian painted pottery/East-Austrian – Moravian group. The location of sites is oriented on periphery of the Střelice Basin. All Lengyel settlement sites are oriented to proximity of terrain slopes.
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