VYKONÁVANÁ STAROSTLIVOSŤ O ZDRAVIE A VNÍMANIE RIZIKA V SÚVISLOSTI S NARASTAJÚCIM VEKOM
Performed health care and the perception of the risk in relation to aging
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The aim of this paper is to clarify: the nature of the performed activities related to health care during aging, particularly in middle and later adulthood, and senior age and to clarify the correlation between health care and the perception of risk (harm) factors such as alcohol use, drug or internet use. The sample consists of 302 respondents at the age between 35 and 80 years (M = 58.56, SD = 13.82). For data collection Performed self-care actions (Lovaš, Hricová, 2015) and Risk perception questionnaire (Lovaš, Mésznerová, 2014) are used. It is shown that in the middle adulthood the most frequent strategy is the health care of one´s psychological wellbeing. On the contrary, in the senior age, preferred activities are associated with the health preservation and health problems prevention. Development trend that lies in the decreasing character of performed self-care activities in the area of physical wellbeing and increasing of self-care activities related with health problems is confirmed. The average values of perceived risk suggest that the period of middle age is the most sensitive to the perception of risk. The results showed further that the subjects were more concerned about their physical well-being, body and health and that the more intense substance abuse (alcohol, drugs) was perceived as threatening. Actions performed of self-care to health threats positively correlated with risk taking of soft and hard drugs. Self-care and risk avoidance can be considered a lifelong strategy that could affect the quality of aging.
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