Epický model Nezvalovy prózy
THE EPIC MODEL OF NEZVAL’S FICTION
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This article considers the fiction of Vítězslav Nezval (1900–1958), which, in comparison with his verse, sometimes seemed to represent a marginal area of his work. The lyrical quality of some of his fiction was also emphasized. Though these texts do not constitute an absolute dissolution of the story into lyric verse, they do reveal a number of features of the traditional epic model, which Nezval, however, uses in new contexts, with new functions. The key point is the frame-like nature of the fictional world, which oscillates between the “possible” and “impossible.” Subsequently there is a considerable increase in the role of the switching mechanism from level to level of the text structure, and in the role of the narrator, who highlights the two fundamental levels. A stream of associations then moves to the foreground, often expressed in distinctively stylized poetic language. On the other hand, apart from the well-known and often-noted analogies with the work of Proust, one finds in Nezval’s fiction a number of intertextual references to the tradition of the novel from Flaubert to Meyerink; above all it is the strong, evident inspiration of Trivialliteratur. Nezval, however, employing the schematic approaches of Trivialliteratur, plays a game, often verging on parody and the absurd, and principally, maintaining tension between verisimilitude and fantasy. This dualism, on the boundary between reality and fiction, to which the reader is led and where the action takes place and the characters move, seems to be a fundamental feature of Nezval’s epic model.
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