Relationship of the ruling power and the church in Great Moravia
The paper contains an outline explaining how the issue is described by legal-historical literature, and the author notes that the presented opinion is based only on the analogy about the development of the relationship of the ruling power and the Church in the surrounding countries of that period, or in the country that originated after the demise of Great Moravia. In the next section, the author is considering whether it is really possible to characterize the relationship of the ruling power and the Church as it is presented in the previous writings. The paper is divided into two parts. In the first part, the author presents the view that already in the years 833 – 863, in the court of the Great Moravian princes, there were educated clerics who held high positions in the state administration. This is justified by references to contemporary texts. At the same time, the author points out that there must have been a lower level Church administration in Great Moravia, governed from Passau. In the second part he presents opinions on the issue in the years 863 – 885. In this part, the author points out that the ruler of Great Moravia acted as a judge in Church and theological disputes, had competence in the appointment of bishops, provided them with means of subsistence, etc. He also tries to emphasize that secular and ecclesiastical issues overlapped also at the level of foreign contacts, including the teaching of the domestic clergy at the cleric schools established by Constantine and Methodius. The last part of the paper points to the interesting fact that the Great Moravian texts contained norms with both world and Church sanctions. In a concrete example, the author points to a possible contradiction in the practical imposition of these sanctions, trying to explain how this contradiction was being approached from the point of view of Christian philosophy.
Univerzita Mateja Bela v Banskej Bystrici, Právnická fakulta, Komenského 20, 974 01 Banská Bystrica, Slovak Republic
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