Planowanie zrównoważonego rozwoju w gminie z zastosowaniem metody AHP
PLANNING OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN COUNTRY BY APPLICATION OF AHP METHOD
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The paper is a trial of application of analytical hierarchy process to evaluation of importance of strategic factors and choice of scenario of development in commune. The Analytic Hierarchic Process is one of the mathematics methods elaborated by Saaty and it can be used for solving of multi-criteria decision problems. Decisions problem is presented as a hierarchic tree, where on the top is a main goal, basic goals and attributes are on lower levels, while possible decisions (scenarios of development) are on the lowest level in the hierarchy. On respective levels, elements are pairwise compared by local experts. Next priorities of each element are estimated. The highest value of this one is considered as the best and suggested for using. The proposed procedure was employed to programming of sustainable development in commune Tarnowo Podgórne in wielkopolska province. Study showed that the most important secondary goal for commune Sompolno was support economic development. The development of technical infrastructure was second important secondary goal. The smaller meanings had the goals the relating protections of natural environment as well as the development of social services. Among activities for the most important the councillors recognise the creating of conditions to development of nonagricultural functions of area, extension of sewage net, delimitation the terrains under investments and the supplement of spatial plans as well as the development of storage and the food processing. However the for least essential in achieving main aim councillors recognise activities connected with development of social services. The most important scenario according to councillors of commune Sompolno was scenario connected from support agribusiness. Two other scenarios, supporting nonagricultural activity as well as service, tourism and agriturism they had similar validity. Therefore scenario for commune Sompolno should concern sustainable and the multi-functional development.
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