MAKROZVYŠKY PESTOVANÝCH RASTLÍN V HROBOCH Z DOBY POPOLNICOVÝCH POLÍ V CINOBANI
Macro remains of cultivated plants in burials from the Urnfield period in Cinobaňa
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The authors pay closer attention to macro remains of cultivated plants at the cremation burial ground from the Late Bronze Age (around 1200–750 BC) in Cinobaňa, Poltár district. 314 burials were systematically investigated and 730 archaeo-botanical samples were collected between 2008 and 2014. Among the samples, charcoals from deciduous species used at cremation prevail. Macro remains of cultivated plants were identified only in seven burials and were taken from pottery vessels of various types and functions. In five cases they come from pea (Pisum sativum), one comes from naked barley (Hordeum vulgare var. coeleste) and one from proso millet (Panicum miliaceum). The selected burials belong mainly to the Kyjatice culture, one to Piliny culture. The assortment of plants from Cinobaňa which has been preserved thanks to the burial rite is an indirect testimony of their cultivation in the Urnfield period in the southwest of the Slovenské rudohorie Mountains.
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