Relacja między Kantowską filozofią teoretyczną i praktyczną w świetle dwóch pierwszych Krytyk
THE RELATION BETWEEN KANT`S THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL PHILOSOPHY IN THE LIGHT OF THE FIRST TWO CRITIQUES
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The analysis of the problem designated in the title consists of two parts. The first, which is preparatory, presents Kant’s essential notions in theoretical and practical philosophy. The second part is an attempt to disclose the subtlety of his construction. The considerations concentrate on the following issues: 1. The key distinction for practical and theoretical cognition is the contradiction between two types of mindset rather than between two objective domains. 2. Theoretical and practical reason strictly cooperate with each other. Theoretical philosophy not only prepares the field for practical considerations, but also enriches its own activity by incorporating the latter’s achievements. 3. Since practical reason represents its own object, which turns out to be the subject, practical cognition is an effort of being the best possible version of ourselves. 4) Kant does not require that theoretical reason disclaim its eligibility to speculate about God, freedom, and the immortality of the soul, but he only notes that it is necessary to be aware of the inability of theoretical cognition in resolving these matter.
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