Over the last few years, the institutions of the European Union and numerous in¬ternational organizations pay special attention to the situation of Roma and Sinti in Europe. Discrimination and human rights violations that face the Roma are known and widespread, but so far none of the European countries and governments worked out examples and best practices of effective protection of the members of this community. In this article, the author looks at the overall situation of Roma women, who are more likely than other women exposed to multiple, cross-sectoral, multi-layered discrimination on grounds of gender and ethnic origin, and also have limited access to employment, education, health, social services participation in civic life. This discrimination occurs in the majority society in the context of growing racist sentiment, romophobia, antiziganism, but also in Roma communities themselves. Romani women are also more likely than other women are exposed to various forms of violence, especially domestic violence, sexual abuse and trafficking.