ARCHITEKTÚRA KOŠÍC MEDZIVOJNOVÉHO OBDOBIA V KONTEXTE NOVOPOSTAVENÝCH BYTOVÝCH DOMOV PRE VOJAKOV (1918 – 1938)
Architecture of Košice in the inter-war period in the context of newly built residential houses for soldiers (1918 – 1938)
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On the background of the nationwide situation in the newly originated Czechoslovakia, the author of the study introduces the specific situation in the town of Košice, which was experiencing an unprecedented growth and turned into the second most populated town in Slovakia, becoming the regional centre of economy, trade, education and culture. Firstly, the housing problems of the former administrative employees, financial and post office employees as well as railway workers had to be solved. Since the state, which had several military crews around the country, suffering from acute housing crisis, was not able to solve this acute problem, the Ministry of National Defence invited the municipalities to help building flats for the families of soldiers as well. The author states that the Košice Town Archive, in the Magistrate file, contains period documentation on the reconstruction of military barracks to flats in the former military camp in Barca, in the south of Košice. By 1927, soldiers obtained 300 flats altogether, through gradual adaptation. The study also deals with the construction of state-owned flats for the military salaried employees, the building and housing cooperative of officers and sergeants, the residential house for the building cooperative of the state employees, the residential house built from the revenues of the ticket loan for the generally beneficial building cooperative of the state and railway employees in Košice. Other topics include the Masaryk’s colony of financial officers in Košice, the Social and Health Care House of the CS Red Cross in Košice, the Northern Folk School and Nursery House. This study also deals with the analysis of architectural projects of individual buildings in question, mentioning their authors as well as an extensive image appendix.
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