OSÍDLENIE STREDNÉHO PONITRIA V NESKOREJ DOBE BRONZOVEJ A VČASNEJ DOBE ŽELEZNEJ: VYUŽITIE GIS-ANALÝZ
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Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age settlement in the Middle Nitra region: Application of GIS analyses
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In almost thousand-year lasting development of the Lusatian culture there may be defined two cultural landscapes: the older one without fortified hill forts and the younger one for which the fortified hill forts are typical. On one hande the Lusatian culture folk fluently continue with its organisation and distribution of lowland settlements the previous development of the Early Bronze Age (Northern part of the Middle Ponitrie), whereas on the other hand it expands southwards and occupies the space, which was populated by the Čaka culture folk (Southern part of the Middle Ponitrie), and became the dominant element influencing the cultural landscape formation. By the digitalization of the registered localities and their display on a thematic topographic map in the scale 1:10 000 it was possible to define two distinctive agglomerations or models of settlement complexes: the first model related to the concentration of the hill forts Krnča-Tábor, Klátova Nová Ves-Šiance, Kovarce-Veľký Tribeč and the second one concentrated around the line of the hill forts Štitáre-Žibrica, Nitra-Zobor and hill fort Dražovce-Kostolík. On the example of two models of the settlement complexes it has tried, with the help of the basic GIS-analyses (“view shed” and “pathway”) on one hand to point out the possible process of hierarchy of the fortified hill forts and on the other hand to define from the spatial aspect the zones of their direct influence. The analyses have been based on the hypothetic model situation, that all of the fortified settlements existed in simultaneously in the same time period. Considering the research state, we aware of the fact that the presented results are mostly in a hypothetic level and it will be necessary to execute the intensive terrain survey in order to prove or disprove them.
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