Rola Sejmu w wycofaniu wojsk Armii Radzieckiej z terytorium Polski
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The Sejm’s Role in the Withdrawal of the Red Army from Poland
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The article introduces the readers to the issue of the Red Army’s stationing in Poland in 1944-1993 and focuses on the Sejm’s role in the process of its withdrawal. The first part of the article outlines the history of the Soviet troops’ stay via a gradual evolution of the system of commissariats for military affairs towards the creation of the Northern Group of Forces. The article also presents the legal basis for the temporary stay of the Soviet troops in Poland, i.e. an agreement of 1956 and additional ones. Moreover, the first part of the article discusses economic issues connected with the stay of the Soviet troops in Poland. The second part of the article is devoted to the intergovernmental negotiations of terms for the Northern Group of Forces’ withdrawal from Poland and highlights the differences between the parties’ positions. In the third part of the article there is a detailed discussion on bringing the issue of the withdrawal of the Soviet troops to the agenda of the parliamentary Foreign Affairs and National Defense Commissions and the plenary session of the Sejm – the Parliament of the Polish Republic.
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