MĚDĚNÉ ARTEFAKTY Z ENEOLITU A STARŠÍ DOBY BRONZOVÉ Z UHERSKOHRADIŠŤSKA. ARCHEOLOGICKÁ ANALÝZA A ANALÝZY PRVKOVÉHO SLOŽENÍ
Copper artefacts from the Eneolithic and Early Bronze Age from Uherské Hradiště Region. Archaeological analysis and elemental composition analysis
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The article reflects the ongoing cooperation of the Moravian Slovak Museum in Uherské Hradiště with Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS in Řež by Prague. This time the analysis focused on older collection fund, to which we have only a few reports of finding circumstances. The presented text thus briefly introduces preserved foundations from Velehrad-Dolní Rákoš (depot of tiles and daggers of the type Malé Leváre), from Uherské Hradiště-Sady (graves of the Chłopice-Veselé culture), from Ostrožská Nová Ves (grave findings of Early Bronze Age from multiple places) and from Kunovice (the grave of the Early Bronze Age). These are supplemented by the results of analysis of copper artefacts. Two analytical methods were used for elemental analysis of the samples – X-Ray fluorescence analysis and neutron activation analysis. Both analytical methods were used when the current state of artefact allowed taking subsample for NAA. Unfortunately the state of historical artefacts doesn’t allow giving representative sampling for NAA. The long-term aim of the interdisciplinary cooperation between historians and natural scientists is more detailed knowledge about artefacts (metals in this case) which can lead to better specification of the historical period of artefact origins. Ideally, the hypothesis of the origin of the used raw materials can be confirmed or refuted.
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