Śląska tożsamość kulturowa okresu średniowiecza na przykładzie architektury i sztuk plastycznych
The Silesian cultural identity in the Middle Ages, on the sample of architecture and visual arts
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The cultural identity of architecture and visual arts of the Middle Ages in Silesia can be analysed through the following criteria: 1) distinct formal features of local artworks; 2) specific content expressed through it. Macro factors (availability and type of materials) are important in architecture, as are architectural patterns and styles. Most frequent in this context are brick buildings, with sandstone used for details. In the 14th century distinct and formal patterns of style in architecture took shape (such as the basilica form of town churches), same with detailed construction and aesthetic solutions in walls and vaults. The factors shaping the specific nature of Silesian art are the influence of dominant styles (initially from the Czech state, later southern Germany, including Nuremberg), political contexts (affiliation with the Bohemian Crown) and religious (mostly choice and popularity of patron saints).
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