Určování směru v textech českého středověku z 12.–14. století
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DETERMINING DIRECTION IN TEXTS OF THE CZECH MIDDLE AGES FROM 12TH–14TH CENTURIES
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The author follows up to his previous study about ways of determining proximity and pointed his attention to another way of orientation in the terrain and identification of localities in the medieval texts from Czech Lands. Now a large semantic analyzes of some crucial words creating various ways of determining proximity has been done. The author used mainly texts of chronicles and charters, two quite distinct types of sources. Their mutual confrontation increased the testifying value of acquired information. He describes the relatively big variety and narrowness of meanings of concrete expressions determining direction, as well as essential binding of this information with the concrete situation in the terrain illustrating the medieval concept of space perception. The study follows the development of semantic fields of studied terms and depicts the shift after the period of colonization and social and economic changes in the 13th century.
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