NOVÉ HROMADNÉ NÁLEZY Z DOBY BRONZOVEJ Z MOŠTENICE
New hoards from the Bronze Age from Moštenica
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The content of this paper are the new hoards from central Slovakia. 39 bronze objects come from 4 locations on a hill side. Hoard 1 consisted of long pins of type Hradec and Malá Vieska. Hoard 2 consisted of bracelets and spiral rings. On next two places were found 4 pins together and 1 separately. Horizon BD1 is represented by the hoard of circular jewels; all pin hoards belong to BD2, they are the oldest Lusatian Culture hoards in Slovakia. Units of HA1 with mixed content are representing the older component. Unusual stone facework on the hoard 2 leads us to the habit used for building of burial mounds. Relation with graves is shown by some examples from the Early and Middle Bronze Age in Bohemia (in stone facework as well), south-western Germany and Slovakia up to HA2, or HA2/HB1. The closest category of jewel hoards is of type Uriu-Ópályi in Maramureş and in Upper Tisa area. The connection with the other world or the treasure for the deceased is probable. The pins of type Malá Vieska with the head in the shape of a poppy head and their length as well are very similar to the poppy plant, reaching the height 1 – 1.6 m. The importance of this symbol with regard to its multiple meaning and the use of the seeds as food and the opium alkaloid from the unripe capsule of the poppy seed in healing and healing cults can be only anticipated. In the Slovak folk tradition the poppy was the symbol of prosperity. It had protective effect against deceased and witches. It was unsuitable for practical use because of its great length. What was their purpose and if they are really pins is an open question. The suggestions that they were weapons, or used for therapy and tattoo cannot be confirmed. For the profane use of the find 1 from Moštenica can speak new pins, probably wrapped and bound together, from the vicinity of the road, which was from Middle Ages known as Via Magna. For cultic reasons speak the location on the hill side, according to the other finds it can be called ‘the sacred mountain’.
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