POJEM ZAMESTNANEC V EURÓPSKEJ DIGITÁLNEJ PERSPEKTÍVE
Term of employee in European digital perspective
Languages of publication
The current economic development and the dynamically evolving digitization of production bring about new types and ways of performing work, which, according to the status de lege lata, do not correspond to the necessary legal characteristics of the wage labour. These new types of work are neither entrepreneurial nor the person performing them can be characterised as self-employed. Persons working in new work models do not yet have the necessary legal protection either as employees or as self-employed workers. The emergence of new working models under the influence of digitization challenge the labour law with essential issues, which also lead to a re-evaluation of the existing legal definition of the employee or the legal definition of wage labour. The need to re-evaluate the current concept of employee is also raised in the light of the most recent case-law of the Court of Justice, which defines the term worker in a much broader sense than it is defined by the Section 1 of the Slovak Labour Code. It follows from the analysis that, from the point of view of the considerations de lege ferenda, it would be necessary to extend the concept of employee as defined by the Slovak Labour Code as well as the concept of wage labour. The second alternative would be to define, in addition to the existing concepts of employee and wage labour under the Labour Code, the status of economically active employees, which would fall under the scope of the Labour Code, their relationship would be more flexible than the employment relationship and would be characterised by a lower level of protection compared to employees engaged in a typical employment.
327 – 344
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