Cywilizacja żydowska w ujęciu Feliksa Konecznego
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THE JEWISH CIVILIZATION IN FELIKS KONECZNY’S VIEW
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The article discusses an opinion on the Jews formulated by Feliks Koneczny, an outstanding Polish historian and philosopher. Koneczny assumed that the Jews formed a separate civilization characterized by monolatrism, apriorism, sacralism, dual ethics, legalism, and the lack of historicism. However, other historians and philosophers, e.g. Spengler and Toynbee, claimed that the Jews did not form a separate civilisation, but constituted a part of magic culture or the Syrian civilisation respectively. Koneczny wrote that the Jews had inﬂuence on Latin (Western) civilisation through their morality, principles, and religion, and that the inﬂuence had disorganizing eﬀect. He even considered Marxism and Hitlerism as manifestations of the Jewish civilisation. The author of the article indicates that Feliks Koneczny was an anti-Semite, though obviously he was far from Nazi-like hostility towards the Jews. The book under discussion, Cywilizacja żydowska [The Jewish Civilisation], expands our knowledge on the chosen nation, but it should also be a warning against racial hatred which consumes even outstanding scholars.
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