SOCIO-EKONOMICKÁ KOMPOZÍCIA SPOLOČNOSTI A JEJ VPLYV NA TERITORIÁLNE VZORCE VOLEBNÉHO SPRÁVANIA: PRÍPADOVÁ ŠTÚDIA REGIÓNOV ZÁPADNÉHO SLOVENSKA
Socio-economic composition of society and its impact on regional patterns of electoral behaviour: a case study from Western Slovakia
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The electoral behaviour is a subject to a vast scale of social, political, economic, psychological and geographical determinants ultimately influencing citizens during the elections. One option how to analyse this phenomenon is built up on the theory of social cleavages that inevitably affect the political relations within society. Therefore the election results are significantly differentiated depending on given space and temporal context. This article try to measure five socio-economic factors as ethnicity, religiosity, age, education and unemployment considering their influence on spatial pattern of electoral behaviour in given territorial units – at the state wide level of the Slovak Republic, but mainly its partial regions. For this reason, analytical instruments of spatial econometrics are applied, which pose the most appropriate tools to examine aggregate data duly regarding the geographical nexus of presented phenomena. The Spatial Durbin model is utilised for evaluating the linkage between socio-economic determinants of electoral behaviour and parliamentary elections' results held in Slovak Republic after 1998. In this paper we focus on the extent of repressor ś explanatory power forming the territorial picture of electoral outcomes in western part of the country and define the socio-political profile of regions, which are situated there.
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