EVOLUTION OF THE EUROPEAN UNINON´S DIPLOMATIC SERVICE IN THE PRE-LISBON PERIOD (1987-2009)
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This study aims to map the development of the European Union (EU)/European Community (EC) diplomatic service in the two decades leading up to the adoption of the Treaty of Lisbon, which established the European External Action Service as the current form of the EU diplomatic service. It describes the most important milestones in the development of the EU/EC diplomatic service from 1987 to 2009, especially the 1989 unification of the formal status of all European Commission delegations, the 1993 institutional unification of delegations management through the establishment of a special Directorate-General for the Administration of Delegations within the European Commission organisation structure, the 1993 strengthening of the role of the European Commission delegations in traditional diplomatic tasks of the political arena, which resulted mainly from their closer cooperation with national diplomatic representations of the EU member states, introduced by the Treaty on EU and, finally, the establishment of an EU High Representative for the CFSP – the unofficial ‘EU Minister of Foreign Affairs’ – in 1999.
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