FOUCAULT A LITERATÚRA (1962 – 1971)
Foucault and literature (1962 – 1970)
Languages of publication
The article focuses on the relationship between philosophy and literature, referring to a special approach to this relation which can be found in the early works of Michel Foucault (from 1962 to 1970). Foucault later uses the terms „transgression“ (Georges Bataille) and „the outside“ (Maurice Blanchot), to describe a language without its subject, i.e. to show the Being of language, which in respect to the valid discourse exists autonomously. Foucault’s concept of author starts with functions, which an author has in relation to the discourse, then adds the concept of „founders of discoursivity “. The crucial part in this article describes Foucalt’s own position as a founder of discoursivity. Foucault tried to create a subject using conditions of that subject’s existence. In his book on Raymond Roussel, he shows language as a labyrinth which can generate meanings of words spontaneously. The article concludes with a suggestion that it is possible to redefine Foucault’s concept of literary experience.
397 – 408
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