This article is devoted to Miroslav Boháček (1899–1982), the first editor of the periodic publication Manuscripts Studies which celebrates its 50th anniversary. The author describes Boháček´s life dedicated to teaching, research, and editorial work. He describes how the change of the political regime in 1948 influenced the life of one of the leading Czech Romanists, a significant professor who was forced to leave the university. Later on, supported by Prof. Vojtisek, Boháček found application in manuscripts research. Due to his precise, accurate work with manuscripts he achieved great success and recognition among codicologists.