OBRAZ DETVY A JEJ OBYVATEĽOV V LITERÁRNYCH PRAMEŇOCH V DRUHEJ POLOVICI DLHÉHO 19. STOROČIA
Image of Detva and its population in the literary sources from the 2nd half of the long 19th century
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The aim of this paper is to explain, categorise and assess the image of the phenomenon of the Detva region and its population in the Slovak literary discourse in the 2nd half of the long 19th century. The image which began in Sládkovič’s romantic poem Detvan created the canon of Detva and its population. These strongly positive characteristics gradually found a reflection in other literary works, travel guides, publications and even encyclopaedia. The man from Detva and his country became the prototype of an ideal Slovak not only in Slovak literature, but were positively pictured by Czech authors, lovers and admirers of Slovaks, as well. The image of an ideal Slovak, identified with the national heroes Jánošík or Martin Hudcovie, fundamentally changed at the end of the 19th century. This change was due to the Hungarian expert and political discourse, which considered the glorifying Slovak literary works and their heroes an unwanted element. The “man from Detva” thus became a dangerous criminal living in hardly accessible mountainous areas, where he avoided his duties against the State and society. The transformation of the image of a Slovak population group reflects the developments in the views by different groups of authors of the same topic that has become an up-to-date ethno-identification phenomenon thanks to increased interest.
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