K vývoji pomístních jmen na Opavsku od druhé světové války
ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANOIKONYMS (MINOR PLACE NAMES) IN OPAVA REGION SINCE WORLD WAR II
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On the Development of Anoikonyms (Minor Place Names) in Opava Region since World War II The paper deals with the development of anoikonyms in four villages in the Opava region following the expulsion of citizens of German nationality, after land consolidation in individual four co-operative farms and then after the integration of these originally independent farms into one great agricultural unit. Special attention is paid to the usage of the anoikonyms at present, when large (up to one hundred hectares) tracts of land were formed and when only a fragment of the former number of people works in agriculture. These are mainly tractor drivers, servismen, leading organization workers. The number of people who need the anoikonyms in their communication is therefore very limited. Among others, the author answers the question which names are given to the new pieces of land by the remaining private farmers. Special attention is paid to the names of forests and meadows. Also the question is dealt with how the new anoikonyms preserve the phonologic and morphologic character of local dialects. The author comes to the conclusion that at present, only a negligible number of old tract names is being used and that the new anoikonyms are formed according to one model: the two-word prepositional names using both the personal names indicating farmhouses of the respective persons, and the important orientation points.
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