PO STOPÁCH JEDNEJ BÁSNE... (INTERPRETÁCIA A EXEGÉZA V ARCHÍVNOM VÝSKUME)
In the footsteps of a poem...(Interpretation and exegesis in the archival research)
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In the study, the author verifies two different interpretations of the poem Dar (The Gift) (1926) by Maša Haľamová (1908 – 1995) based on the inheritance of the poet stored in the Literary Archive of The Slovak National Library in Martin. In the process of contextualization, she reconstructs the personal history of the poet through correspondence, press excerpts, personal documents and specialized literature and uncovers both her creative beginnings and the genesis of the emblematic poem in her emotional mishaps. While when published for the first time, the poem contained also a dedication, in the manuscript form of the collection The Gift and its debut printed version, the dedication was missing in the subtitle. Although the initials lead to the literary critic Andrej Kostolný, direct evidence that the dedication of the poem belonged to him is absent, on the contrary, it is possible to conclude from the correspondence analysed in detail that it was added only on purpose and “additionally”, while the impulse for the one-time indication of the initials remained unexplained. However, the archival research confirmed one of the interpretations, namely based on the commentary of the author herself in the radio programme from 1967, stating that the poem in question was a love confession to her lover. With respect to the interpretation, it has been confirmed that revealing of the relationship of the text and its context for the research purposes also by means of the archival research is productive. It allows to reconstructing the genetic links, verifies and confirms the analytical-interpretative conclusions in the process of exegesis, thus achieving certain level of exactitude.
274 – 284
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