SÍDLISKÁ Z 8. – 10. STOROČIA V CHĽABE
Settlements from 8th – 10th century in Chľaba
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The locality belongs into the cadastre of the village Chľaba. It’s located at a low elevation on the left bank of the river Danube. The area of 0.26 hectare was explored during the years 1977 – 1981. In this area were found 131 settlement buildings from the primeval age, early historical period and the Middle Ages. Twenty representatives belong into the 8th – 10th cent. Among them there are eight houses, six fire pits, two agricultural sunken dwelings and storage pits, one corn storage pit and exterior oven. Data about size, form, construction and use do not differ from the representatives, which are known in other finding places from the Early Middle Ages. It is important to mention that there were built only stone vaulted ovens in each building in two cases they were on an elevated earth step. Above one oven there was equipment that helped to drain off the smoke from the room. In the corn storage pit it was possible to store corn for all inhabitants of the settlement. Unusually high number of oval pits with burning fire served for processing of raw materials. In the material culture there prevail fragments of ceramic vessels. The settlement is divided into two time horizons according to thickness of walls, typology of mouth and decoration motifs. To the end of the phase of 9th and the 10th century belong 19 buildings located in two zones. In the residential area sunken dwellings were placed around a „square“, with an area 210 m2. Agricultural buildings were scattered west of the residential area. Two houses with more advanced traits were placed in it later. Just one sunken dwelling belongs into the older horizon of the 8th cent. The rest of the dwellings were probably destroyed by intensive settlement of this area in 11th – 16th cent.
95 – 143
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