Perspektywy rozwoju energetyki wiatrowej
WIND POWER AS A TOOL FOR CLIMATE PROTECTION
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The article describes the wind power industry globally, in the EU, and in Poland – in the context of climate protection requirements. The wind power sector is currently responsible for only 2.5% of global energy production. Between 1996 and 2010, the global installed capacity increased over 30 times. It is estimated that in 2010 this capacity reached 1 million MW. Poland has committed itself to generating 15% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. Wind power market potential in Poland in 2020 is estimated at 13 GW, which could lead to a greenhouse gas emission reduction of 7.5%. However, currently less than 8.5% of this potential is exploited. Further development of the wind power industry in Poland would also lead to an increase in energy security, growth of small and medium sized enterprises, and the creation of new jobs.
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