Postanowienia Traktatu Lizbońskiego a zagadnienie „deficytu demokracji” w Unii Europejskiej
PROVISIONS OF THE TREATY OF LISBON AND THE PROBLEM OF DEMOCRACY DEFICIT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
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The problem of so-called democracy deficit in the European Union (EU) is one of the most important challenges the EU faces at the begining of the 21st century. Strengthening democratic legitimacy of the EU and making the EU’s institutions closer to its citizens were one of the most prominent puropses in the Treaty establishing the Constitution for Europe and in the Treaty of Lisbon. The article deals with certain new provisions of the Treaty of Lisbon which are, in the author’s opinion, closely connected with the problem of democracy deficit in the EU. The author points out such amendments of the Treaty of Lisbon as, among others, implementing the post of the president of the European Council and the high representative of the EU for foreign affairs and security policy, the new definition of the qualified majority voting in the Council, strengthening political power of the European Parliament, new provisions on democratic rules in the EU, bigger role of the national parliaments in the process of the European integration and analyzes the influence of these amendments on the problem of democracy deficit in the EU. The author tries to answer if these new regulations reduce or not the democracy deficit in the EU.
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