PL EN


2011 | 26 | 1 | 47-56
Article title

Povolání: milosrdný bratr

Title variants
EN
OCCUPATION: BROTHER HOSPITALLER
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
The Order of the Brothers Hospitallers was established in 1534 by the Portuguese Juan Ciudad (St. John of God). The “provincia germanica” of the Order was probably established in 1616; by 1770, it had covered practically the whole of Central Europe. In 1781, it was divided into a Bavarian province and an Austro-Hungarian province by the order of Josef II. The Czechoslovak province originated after World War I; it was abolished by the Nazis in 1941 and by the Communist regime in 1950. The current province resides in Brno. The Order of the Brothers Hospitallers has always been involved primarily in the care of the sick. The hospitals were sponsored largely by their patrons, but some of the money came from gifts, the collection of alms and charitable events organized by noblemen and the bourgeoisie. Hospitals and residences of the Brothers Hospitallers were always the most modern medical institutions. Records of their patients provide informatik on the population, its health, trades and its crafts as well as on the events of the time. A number of the Order members were trained specialists in medicine, pharmacology and botany. Music also represented a significant component of their education and of monastic life as a whole; interest in music, however, never took priority over the members’ monastic duties.
Discipline
Year
Volume
26
Issue
1
Pages
47-56
Physical description
Contributors
  • Kabinet hudební historie, Etnologický ústav AV ČR, Na Florenci 3, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-2798cfd1-ea02-46d3-8c07-2ee9524c5b05
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