PL EN


Journal
2012 | 10 | 2(19) | 74-87
Article title

Małe miasto vs metropolia – na przykładzie Chicago z przełomu XIX i XX wieku. Przestrzeń małych miasteczek jako składowych dużych miast odzwierciedlona w literaturze amerykańskiej

Authors
Title variants
EN
TOWN VS METROPOLIS ON THE BASIS OF CHICAGO AT THE TURN OF THE 20TH CENTURY. SMALL TOWN SPACES AS COMPONENTS OF BIG CITIES REFLECTED IN LITERATURE
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The article focuses on the phenomenon of small towns within large American cities like Chicago, formed by clusters of immigrants and captures two moments of their history: the first, when the emerging industry initiated the creation of human settlements around industrial centers and the second, when big American cities collapsed as a result of deurbanization. As illustration the author uses the writings of American men of letters mostly of Polish and Jewish origin namely of Studs Terkel, Stuart Dybek, James Farell, Nelson Algren and Mike Royko. The author also makes an attempt to analyze the concept of urbanity, based largely on the work of Louis Wirth, Urbanism as a way of life, recognizing this publication as a key concept in the analysis of urbanity. Wirth’s urbanity sets borders of navigating of the urban space, which in turn stabilizes the famous city versus rural area opposition. American tradition of the formation of cities significantly differs from the European one, where the rise of cities is largely followed by transformation of the settlements into the villages, small towns into rural areas and finally small towns into the cities. The settlers coming to the New World in large groups at once set about to build small towns skipping other forms of evolution of space. Many smaller or larger so-called American cities, ‘instant cities’ were literally created out of nothing in a very short time. These changes the axioms of urbanity, among others, rules governing the social bond. It creates the concepts of urbanity unknown in Europe, such as the concept of inner city or the specific meaning of the term neighborhood. The article provides analysis of texts of Tadeusz Sławek, Robert E. Park, Carlo Rotella, Ulf Hannerz and Anna Zeidler-Janiszewska.
Contributors
author
  • Akademia Techniczno-Humanistyczna w Bielsku-Białej, ul. Willowa 2, 23-309 Bielsko-Biała
References
  • J. Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity, [w:] The Norton Anthology of American Litera- ture, Vol. 1, New York 1994
  • R. Lingeman, A Consonance of Towns, [w:] Making America. The Society and Cul- ture of the United States, Ed. L.S. Luedtke, Washington, D.C. , Washington 1995
  • L. Wirth, Urbanism as a way of life, [w:] On Cities and Social Life, Chicago 1964
  • C. Sandburg, Wybór wierszy, tłum. M.Sprusiński, Warszawa 1971
  • M. Gołębiow- ski, Dzieje kultury Stanów Zjednoczonych, Warszawa 2006
  • T. Sławek, Akro/nekro/polis, [w]: Pisanie miasta – czytanie miasta, red. Anna Zeidler- Janiszewska, Poznań 1997
  • C. Rotella, The Story of Decline and the October City in: N. Algren’s The Man with the Golden Hand, New York 1976
  • M. Royko, Boss: Richard J.Daley of Chicago, Dutton, New York 1971
  • T. Chandler, G. Fox, 3000 Years of Urban Growth, New York 1974
  • H.W. Zorbaugh, The Gold Cost and the Slum, Chicago 1948
  • A. Szahaj: E pluribus unum? Dylematy wie- lokulturowości i politycznej poprawności, Kraków [2004] 2010
  • A. F. Weber, The Growth of Cities in the Nineteenth Century, New York 1973.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-28560cbd-8885-4d8b-a15d-7212acbdea62
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