“Tu my jesteśmy”. O pamięci nowych mieszkańców dawnej łemkowskiej wsi
“HERE WE ARE”: ABOUT MEMORY OF THE NEW INHABITANTS OF A FORMER LEMKO VILLAGE
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The article presents selected conclusions from the ethnographic field research conducted in 2010-2011 in Wisłok Wielki, a village situated in Podkarpacie region, in south-eastern Poland. This study was carried out as a re-study of a local community after the research made by British social anthropologist Chris Hann, who resided in this place in 1981 and published a book A Village without Solidarity: Polish Peasants in Years of Crisis (1985). One of the questions of the research – presented shortly in the article – was social memory of the inhabitants of the village, the immigrants descended from many directions of Poland who came to Wisłok after the Lemkos, indigenous people, had been displaced in 1944-1947. During the research it occurred that people from Wisłok are aware of the Lemkos’ past of the village. Nevertheless, their narrations are distorted by many factors (time, books, personal prejudice against the Ukrainians stemming from the dramatic experiences with the Ukrainian Insurgent Army – UPA or by being prone to negative stereotypes). It depends also on the generation that a narrator belongs to, and, which seems to be crucial, time when a “pioneer” came to the village. The Lemkos in Wisłok, although some of them returned, are treated as representatives of dead culture which can be revived only temporarily, for instance, by an ethnographer’s question.
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