TEOLOGICKO-ETICKÝ PRINCIP PERSONALITY A JEHO SOUDOBÉ MYŠLENKOVÉ SMĚRY
Theological-ethical principle of personality and its current lines of thought
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The principle of personality is one of the key starting points of theological ethics and the basis for other principles that arise from it, and are de facto an elaboration of the Christian understanding of man as a person with the transcendentally grounded dignity of God’s child, God’s image and God’s partner. The article presents the history of theological reflection on the concept of human being and two key models that have emerged in this context in Catholic theology. It also notes the risks of an extreme dynamic relational model of the concept of human being for the principle of personality and many areas of applied ethics. It views the ratio between person and nature, and draws attention to a certain mystery, incomprehensibility and impossibility of defining this key theological concept simply. The aim of the article is to rehabilitate – often neglected – Boëthi’s conception of human person, which should remain a mainstay for dynamic notional models of the conception of person, and to warn against the consequences of extreme relational models for a wide area of theological ethics. In accordance with the renewal of the method of theological work, the first methodological step of the article is auditus fidei followed by the step of intellectus fidei, to which the focus of the work is devoted. The principle of personality is the starting point for a wide range of ethical dilemmas at the level of applied ethics in various goals. That is why the topic is always relevant.
98 – 109
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