DRAMATICKÉ VIANOCE ROKU 1944 V NOVOHRADSKÝCH OBCIACH ZÁVADA A PRAVICA
Dramatic Christmas of 1944 in the Novohrad villages of Závada and Pravica
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The author of the study attempted to reconstruct one of the many cases of Nazi reprisals taking place in Slovakia during German occupation in 1944 – 1945. In particular, he is interested in clarifying the tragic events occurring in the Novohrad villages of Závada and Pravica, where the Nazis executed several locals accused of collaborating with the partisans. It should be appreciated that the author made an effort to reconstruct the events also based on memories of the eyewitnesses, local chronicles and available literature. Individual sources (especially the ones resulting from oral tradition) are approached cautiously, maintaining critical and balanced distance. By mapping the partisan activity in the region in the period preceding the tragedy in the introduction, the author is setting the topic in a broader context. The conclusion of the study also briefly describes the way in which the villages commemorated the events during Socialism, on the background of developing revolutionary and resistance traditions.
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