TRESTNOPRÁVNA OCHRANA SPOLOČNOSTI PRED TERORIZMOM – ČESKÝ A SLOVENSKÝ POHĽAD
Protection of society against terrorism by criminal law – the Czech and Slovak views
Languages of publication
Many states have not national anti- terror laws until September 11, 2001. Political violence was dealt with by the ordinary criminal law. Since then was passed a lot of new anti- terror statutes in the world (for instance in the five years following September 11, Australia enacted 37 new federal laws), which primary objective and task is to ensure that police and other agencies have the sufficient powers they need to protect the community. This complicated social phenomenon is possible to understand better only by analysis of the aspects of terrorism as the key factors, to find the effective forms of fight against the terrorism, the receiving of effective measures to prevent the creation of terrorism not only on the national level but also on the international level and also by co-operation among the individual countries of world. Based on the fact of evolving counter-terrorism legislation, the contribution seeks to answer the question: what is the range in which it is possible to respect fundamental criminal law principles and fundamental human rights as such in this relatively sensitive area. In this context the contribution pointed to a specific group of criminal legal tools that are used more often in the area of combating terrorism. Content of this contribution is to bring information on new felonies of the terrorism under Criminal Code in Slovak and Czech Republic. In first part is describes basic legislative bases, that are necessary if we want serious dealt by this problem. Additional parts suggest the actual state and the last stage analyse manners fight against terrorism in both republic.
322 – 335
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