Literary scholars generally attribute a fascination with technology to the avant-garde poets, sometimes even writing about the typical avant-garde cult of the machine and civilisation. The example of Neumann’s poetry, however, shows that the purpose of these avant-garde activities need not have been a gloriﬁcation of technology. Rather, they were interested in the subjugation of technology, because in the early 20th century it still aroused widespread terror. In Neumann’s famous book Nové zpěvy, this process of taming technology takes on an extremely sophisticated form: it proceeds from a state of suspicion about machines on to full acceptance of the major civilisational changes at the turn of 20th century. The detailed analyses carried out in this article show that the Czech author’s poems are never an expression of delight about technology alone, but an expression of delight at a world in which the sphere of technology and the natural world are one, harmonious whole. This means that the afﬁrmation of technology is not possible without the prior afﬁrmation of life itself.