The study examines a classic work of Czech literature, a Svatopluk Čech short story in verse,called Lešetínský kovář (The Blacksmith of Lešetín), in the historical context of its inception, content, publication and also reading, i.e. understanding. It notes the bias of this work which defined the basic principles of Czech border patrol literature. Border patrol literature dates back to the specific reality of Czech-German national conflict in the end of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th century. It also remarks that this work has not drifted into obscurity in subsequent decades and has remained popular for several generations.