DRUHÝ SLOVANSKÝ ŽIVOT SVÄTÉHO NAUMA OCHRIDSKÉHO – KOMENTÁR A PREKLAD S PARALELNÝM ORIGINÁLNYM TEXTOM
Second Slavonic Life of St. Nahum of Ochrid – commentary and translation with parallel original text
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St. Nahum of Ochrid was one of the most important disciples of Sts. Cyril and Methodius. The oldest evidence of his veneration as a saint is the First Slavonic Life, which was written before 969. Nowadays five different lives of St. Nahum are preserved, three of them are Slavic and two are Greek. Most of them were part of a service (akoluthia) to St. Nahum. The Second Slavonic Life of St. Nahum of Ochrid is known from a single manuscript from the 16th century, which was discovered in the mid-19th century. The manuscript was deposited in the Belgrade National Library and burned down during World War II. The text was published several times (the most important are the editions by Y. Ivanov and P. A. Lavrov). The Second Slavonic Life of St. Nahum is written in Church Slavonic language of the middle Bulgarian redaction influenced by the local language. The date of its compilation is determined differently by different scholars. Some put it to a span between the 12th and the first half of the 13th century, while most scholars put it to the 16th century. The Second Slavonic Life of St. Nahum gives us information about Nahum’s origin. The Cyrillo-Methodian mission and its activity are geographically not localized correctly. The text pays much attention to the voyage to Rome and in particular to the approval of Slavonic liturgical books. A significantly positive relationship to Rome and the Roman Pontiff can be observed when describing these events. A significant part of the work describes the persecution and expulsion of the disciples of St. Methodius from Great Moravia, but does not give us any new information concerning the Long Life of St. Clement. The author does not use these events to elaborate a theological reflection or polemical tractates against the Latin Church. The Second Slavonic Life of St. Nahum widens our knowledge about the foundation of Nahum’s monastery and church. This information comes probably from a donation inscription on the church or from oral tradition. The text also specifies where the grave of St. Nahum is localized.
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