Burial ground and settlement of the Lusatian culture in Dolný Kubín
Results, obtained during the rescue excavations in 2008 caused by a shopping centre construction in the area of former military quarters in Dolný Kubín are presented in the study. The researched area is situated on the river Orava left bank terrace at the Ožnica position, which is in 300 m distance of the present-day river flow. Since the 1930s the cremation burial ground dated to the Late Bronze Age has been known in professional literature already under the name of Dolný Kubín I. New excavations at this locality were realized at the positions of Kapustnée hrady and Kukučínova Street. Six cremation burials and two settlement objects of the Lusatian culture were found there. The graves were considerably damaged by previous building activities. Some graves were represented by clusters of fragments of several vessels, which contained only small number of charred human bones; there were sandstone fragments found among the potsherds, which probably were remains of covering or underlying plates. The other burials were pit graves with stone facing. Considering the shape and decoration of the pottery fragments, the necropolis can be dated to the Late Bronze Age generally. Revealing of a sunken feature – dwelling of 9 x 6 m in size – was an extraordinary significant find. Inner sunken sides of the walls were faced with the rectangular sandstone plates. Two amphorae were found under the floor level in the north-eastern corner. Another vessel was situated on the floor level in the centre. The find of a bronze pin with globular head and moulded neck together with dagger fragments are dating the dwelling into the BD stage. The excavated feature proves a Lusatian-culture settlement was situated in the close vicinity of the burial ground. The preserved construction details helped creating the dwelling space reconstruction.
Archeologický ústav SAV, Akademická 2, 949 21 Nitra, Slovak Republic
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