Ucieczki skazanych z zakladow karnych. Zagrozenie spoleczne czy naturalny element izolacji?
ESCAPES OF THE CONVICTS FROM THE PENITENTIARIES. THE SOCIAL THREAT OR THE NATURAL ELEMENT OF ISOLATION?
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Penitentiary facilities are places of confinement for offenders who have committed crimes of significant or high social danger and whom the court decided to isolate from the society for a certain period of time. One of the objectives of the penalty of imprisonment, under the Executive Penal Code (Art. 73), is to protect the society from criminals. Men are created to be free. Imprisonment is a painful and unnatural condition and prisoners have a strong desire to regain their freedom as soon as possible. Thus, since the first prison was built, prisoners have done all they could to set themselves free. Is putting convicts in prison a good way to guarantee the security of the society and the lack of its exposure to the crimes they may continue to commit? As no two convicts are the same and the extent of their demoralization and the danger to the society they pose varies, the legislator has found it to be reasonable to establish different penitentiary facilities for their confinement so as to properly distribute the convicts and minimize the danger to the society. An analysis of the relevant legal solutions and the data concerning illegal escapes from penitentiary facilities leads to the conclusion that one of the objectives of the penalty of imprisonment, namely protection of the society from criminals, is being achieved properly.
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