Roma triumphans i Parthia capta na Łuku Septymiusza Sewera w Rzymie
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ROMA TRIUMPHANS AND PARTHIA CAPTA ON THE ARCH OF SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS IN ROME
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The attention of the spectators looking at the Arch of Septimius Severus in Rome, as well as the attention of researchers studying the monument focuses on the impression and the ideological import of the entire monument or on the so-called historical reliefs in its main sections which illustrate Parthian campaigns of Septimius Severus. The article, however, sets out to reflect on the content of the so-called triumphal frieze. It has been established to contain an allegory of the Roman triumph and a metaphorical summing up of the content presented in the embellishments of the entire monument. There are no scenes of combat here, only their finale. Two sitting figures, that of personified Parthia and Roma come to the fore among the elements of representation. The remaining of these, namely the soldiers carrying the spoils of war, a procession of prisoners and tribute payers, serve merely as a backdrop to these leading figures. The relations symbolised between these two forces, Parthia and Roma, may be called a “war of personifications”. At the same time, the balance turns in favour of the Roman side. It is the majestic Dea Roma who receives the honours from the vanquished becoming Roma triumphans. Meanwhile the Parthia capta passively resigns itself to its fate.
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