GENDER DIFFERENCES IN SELF-CONCEPT AND SELF-ESTEEM COMPONENTS
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Scientific study of gender differences and similarities is critical to understanding human behaviour. In this research the authors focus on some key concepts of human functioning that are related to a vast number of phenomena: self-concept and its components. They included concepts about gender differences that have not been extensively examined, such as instability and contingency of self-esteem. 339 participants, aged from 19 to 63 years, filled out the following questionnaires: Adult Sources of Self-Esteem Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Instability of Self-Esteem Scale and Contingent Self-Esteem Scale. The results show that males and females do not differ in independent self-concept, self-esteem (level, stability, or contingency). Significant differences appeared mainly in the interdependent self-concept, which seems to show the effect of fundamental bio-socio-psychological influences. Other significant differences were in one aspect of independent self-concept and one aspect of contingent self-esteem.
373 – 384
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